Coffee lovers all over the world are deciding to roast and brew their own, more and more these days. They simply want to be able to indulge in a cup of quality coffee in the comfort of their own homes, hence they buy their own roasting machines.
However, in order to perfect the roasting technique, there are some things you should know. For example…
How does the country of origin affect the taste of coffee?
According to Minneapolis coffee roasters, coffee beans with different flavors are produced in different parts of the world and it is good to know the difference between types of flavors and aromas, so you can choose the best coffee for yourself. The main areas with coffee plantations are America (Southern and Central), exotic countries (Jamaica and Hawaii, Asia and Indonesia), and Africa (Kenya and Ethiopia). Depending on the climate and the type of soil, the taste of coffee is also formed.
The first area includes the Caribbean, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Costa Rica, Peru, and Brazil. The processing of coffee beans grown in these countries yields coffee of high acidity, fine aroma, and slightly sweet taste. The most intense aroma of coffee is achieved if the bean is medium to slightly roasted.
The second zone includes Asia, Indonesia, and the Pacific Islands. The aroma of coffee obtained from beans grown in these places is harder and has low acidity and a persistent taste. In order to remove floral undertones, coffee beans must be roasted well.
The third area includes Africa and the Middle East. The aroma of coffee from the obtained beans has a medium intensity, but it is very complex, it can contain chocolate, citrus, and even wine. To take full advantage of the flavors, the coffee bean must be roasted until dark.
Types of roasting coffee beans
A factor that can affect the taste of coffee, and therefore your choice, is the type of roasting coffee beans. Depending on the time and method of roasting the beans, the coffee will have different flavors.
During the roasting of coffee, the amount of caffeine inside the bean remains unchanged, but due to dehydration, the bean loses weight and at the same time gains in volume (about 60%). Roasting is a process of heat processing of raw coffee beans. The process takes up to 20 minutes and takes place at temperatures up to 220 ° C. The whole process depends on the size of the beans and the type of coffee being roasted, and whether the type is roasted separately or as a mixture of several different coffees. We distinguish between light, medium, and dark frying.
Light frying is specific to the preparation of a beverage with a smaller amount of extractives; these drinks have a milder taste and a less pronounced aroma
Medium roasting gives drinks a strong aroma, used for coffee to be consumed as household coffee
Dark roasting gives a drink with a larger amount of extractives, and stronger aromas and this roasted coffee is used to prepare espresso drinks.
Now that you know the basics, here are a couple of tips and tricks to get you going
1. Buy Fresh Roasted Coffee And Store It In Sealed Containers
Freshly roasted coffee beans are always a better option than coffee that stays ground on the shelves for a long time. Standing coffee loses some of its most important properties, which ultimately affect the prepared beverage. Therefore, it would be best to store your coffee ground or beans in hermetically sealed containers. Keep it this way until you decide to roast.
2. Start With Roasting Small Portions
If you do not have experience in roasting coffee, it is very likely you won’t even know what kind of roasted coffee you like. So, start by roasting smaller packages of beans, and see how it goes. Experiment a little bit, until you develop enough skills. Only then you can roast the whole amount you’ve bought.
3. Roasting Method
Even though there are roasting machines available for buying, they are not necessary, as these beans can be roasted in your oven as well. However, to achieve a good roast, one does need to have some skills to recognize when the beans are fairly done. The second option for roasting is the popcorn machine if you have one. However, it may not be the smartest, as beans can damage the machine making your warranty invalid. The third option is to go ahead and buy a home roasting machine, as it will guarantee the success of the roast.
4. Grind Your Coffee Yourself
This advice may seem irrelevant and an additional unnecessary part of making coffee, but in this way, you will preserve the best aromas of coffee until the very preparation. Coffee that stays ground on the shelves for a long time loses its organoleptic properties – aroma, smell, and taste.
5. Keep Dishes And Appliances Clean
Coffee residues can significantly affect the taste of fresh coffee, so make sure you clean your gadgets every time you finish roasting. This way you will preserve the quality of taste.
As for why you should consider roasting coffee at home…
Your daily coffee cup is not only a source of pleasure but also an elixir for health. Coffee has proven positive benefits for the body, but moderate consumption is recommended. 3-to 4 cups of coffee a day are enough for a positive impact on mental and physical condition.
There is a link between coffee and physical exertion – coffee drunk 30 minutes before the start of physical training strengthens, energizes, and helps prevent muscle fatigue.
Black coffee, without sugar or milk, has less than 80 calories, so it does not affect calorie intake and helps maintain balance and energy in the body.
Caffeine helps maintain concentration in difficult times and improves short-term memory, while also helping to endure fatigue that may occur in the second part of the day.